(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

xxin    THE CHURCH OF S. SAVIOUR IN THE CHORA v   293
In 712 the Patriarch Kyros was confined in the Chora by the Emperor Phllippicus for adherence to the tenets of the Sixth General Council (6So)/ which condemned the attribution of a single will to the person of Christ, The fidelity of the patriarch to orthodox opinion was commemorated annually in the services held at the Chora, as well as in S. Sophia, on the 8th of January.
The monastery was also honoured by the burial there, in 740, of the Patriarch Germanus (714-730)3 famous for his piety, his Iearning5 and above all for his opposition to Leo the I saurian, when that emperor commenced the crusade against eikons. The tomb of the patriarch was reputed to perform wonderful cures.2 Another notable personage buried at the Chora was the patrician Bactagius, an associate of Artavasdos in the effort, made in 743, to drive Constantine Copronymus from the throne. Upon the failure of that attempt Bactagius was captured, beheaded in the Kynegion, and while his head was displayed to public view in the Milion for three days, his mutilated body was taken to the Chora. This might have seemed sufficient revenge. But the rebel's offence so rankled in the emperor's memory, that even after the lapse of some thirty years his resentment was not allayed- The widow of Bactagius was then forced to proceed to the Chora to disinter the bones of her husband from their resting-place in holy earth3 and carry them in her cloak to the dreary burial-ground of Pelagion, where the corpses of persons who committed suicide were thrown.3
Like similar institutions the Chora suffered severely during the iconoclastic period. Because of its connection with the Patriarch Germanus it became the special object of the hatred of Constantine Copronymus for monks and was almost ruined. What he left of it was turned into a secular residences and devoted to the confinement of Artavasdos and his family. There also that rebel, and his nine children and his wife? Constantine's sister, were eventually buried.4
1  Theoph. pp. 554, 556 ; Synax, ad diem ; Cedrenus, i. p. 784.
2  Theoph. pp. 626-680 5 Synax., May 12.
3  Theoph. pp. 647-8.
4  Lift of Michael Syncdlns, p. 31, in supplement to vol. xxiv. of the "Proceedings of the Greek Syllogos ofC.P. ; cf. Schmitt, p. 251,